Cultural Corridors of South East Europe

Heritage by Country / Albania

Museum-City of Gjirokastra

Museum-City of Gjirokastra

About the site

Corridor: Via Adriatica
Country: Albania, Gjirokastra
Type: Historic Town, Vernacular Architecture
Epoch: Modern Times, Middle Ages
Theme: Vernacular Architecture
World Heritage: Cultural Heritage
Modern TimesMiddle AgesVernacular ArchitectureHistoric TownVernacular ArchitectureCultural Heritage

The historic town of Gjirokastra, in the Drinos river valley in southern Albania, is a rare example of a well-preserved Ottoman town, built by farmers of large estate. The 13th-century citadel provides the focal point of the town with its typical tower houses (Turkish kule). Characteristic of the Balkan region, Gjirokastra contains a series of outstanding examples of kule, a type of building which crystallized in the 17th century. But Gjirokastra also features some more elaborate examples from the early 19th century. The kule has a tall basement, a first floor for use in the cold season, and a second floor for the warm season. Interiors feature rich decorative details and painted floral patterns, particularly in the zones reserved for the reception of visitors. The town also retains a bazaar, an 18th-century mosque and two churches of the same period.



Read more about Museum-City of Gjirokastra at the Unesco World Heritage List.