Cultural Corridors of South East Europe

Heritage by Type / Intangible Heritage

Hum Historical Settlement

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Hum Historical Settlement

About the site

Corridor: Via Adriatica
Country: Croatia, Hum, Istria
Type: Fortress, Historic Town, Intangible Heritage
Epoch: Middle Ages
Theme: Fortresses, Intangible Heritage
World Heritage:
Middle AgesFortressesIntangible HeritageFortressHistoric TownIntangible Heritage

Hum is a fortified town with a very specific defence system. The western side of it is enclosed with a wing of city walls, while on the remaining three sides the defence system consisted of the interconnected outer walls of houses. Within the wall system, near to the city gates (1562) is the bell tower (1552). The parish church, with its classical facade, was built in 1802 in the same place as the church from 1609. The painting above the altar is the work of B. d’Anne. The church has a Late Gothic chalice and ciborium from 1539. The Romantic church of St. Jeronim, with its semicircle apse stands at the graveyard. The church contains valuable wall paintings from the 12-13th century.
In this picturesque town lived for a while Sts. Cyril and Methodius, the brothers from Thessaloniki, with their disciples Clеment, Naoum, Angelarius, Sava and Gorazd. They sheltered here in the calmness of the nature and the mystic buildings during their mission. With this tour, Cyril and Methodius spread among the Slavs the Glagolhic alphabet. It was used in these areas until 20th century.

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